Theatrum historiae https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum <p><strong>Theatrum historiae (ISSN 1802-2502)</strong>&nbsp;je vědecký časopis, který byl založen na Katedře historických věd Fakulty filozofické Univerzity Pardubice v roce 2006. Tehdy vycházel jednou ročně, od roku 2009 se ale objevují dvě čísla ročně (jedno vychází v červenci, druhé v prosinci). V roce 2008 byl zařazen mezi recenzovaná neimpaktovaná periodika a na jaře 2011 byl zapsán do prestižního ERIH (<em>European Reference Index for the Humanities</em>).</p> en-US sarka.nekvapiljiraskova@upce.cz (Šárka Nekvapil Jirásková) lucie.melicharova@upce.cz (Lucie Melicharová) Mon, 01 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 3.3.0.7 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Challenges of Early Modern Diplomacy https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2370 <p>A Diet was an assembly of the Estates of the Holy Roman Empire, summoned by the Emperor to deliberate on political and judicial matters. As a multilateral forum of deliberation and communication within the Holy Roman Empire, Emperors, and Estates, Diets also attracted the attention of foreign princes, who thus sent their envoys to these Estate assemblies. Because of the variety and quantity of these foreign envoys, Diets developed into specific multilateral spaces of early modern diplomacy. The formal exclusion of the envoys from the Diets’ negotiations and meetings built up challenges and required strategies of “diplomatic” communication beyond the formal process. By comparing two envoys sent by Queen Elizabeth I (1558–1603), Christopher Mundt (1559/1566) and George Gilpin (1582), this paper shows what impact dispositive factors, such as expertise or confessional inclination, could have on an envoy’s status, his recognition by hostile and allied partners, and his assertiveness at a Diet. Furthermore, these factors mainly influenced and drove cooperation and conflict between England and the Habsburg Emperors and the Imperial Estates, and so<br>contribute to further understanding ‘diplomatic relations’ in the 16th century.</p> Bechtold Jonas Copyright (c) 2022 Bechtold Jonas https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2370 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 Baroque “Spin-Doctoring”: The Manipulative Use of Caprara’s Reports from Constantinople in 1682 https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2372 <p>Before the Second Siege of Vienna in 1683, there was a famous tug-of-war between “Easterners” and “Westerners” at Leopold I’s court. At that time, the Habsburg monarchy did not yet boast a “Foreign Office”. The institution in charge of relations with the Ottoman Empire was the Aulic War Council. Its president, Margrave Hermann von Baden, was the leading “Westerner”, and clearly thought that Louis XIV posed a greater menace to the monarchy than the Ottomans did. That is why, when the ambassador extraordinary to Constantinople, Conte Alberto Caprara, started sending alarmist reports in the summer of 1682, Baden manipulated them in a rather breathtaking fashion, almost turning their meaning on its head. The episode poses a fascinating question about the nature of “absolutism”: Was Baden’s “spin doctoring” designed to delude the Emperor himself – or was it part of a complex game enacted with Leopold’s approval?</p> Lothar Höbelt Copyright (c) 2022 Lothar Höbelt https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2372 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 “Mon adorable Mécène…” Ranieri Calzabigi’s correspondence with Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz-Rietberg https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2373 <p>The paper focuses on presenting a unique, exceptionally rich, but still basically unprocessed correspondence from the second half of 18th century between the Count and later Prince Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz-Rietberg, a well-known and respected figure in European history, and one of his important sources of information, Italian poet, librettist, opera reformer, writer and intellectual, Ranieri de Calzabigi. The edition of the correspondence is the main ouput of the grant project Vienna „à la française“: The role of Wenzl Anton von Kaunitz-Rietberg’s Parisian stays to his Viennese cultural patronage, which is briefly presented. The main questions in case of this paper are: Calzabigi´s position within Kaunitz´s social-informational network, his sources of information and also the relationship between the Prince and the poet</p> Lenka Švandová Maršálková Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2373 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200 An Informal Approach to Interest-based Negotiations – Paul Anton Esterhazy and the “Cottage Coterie” https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2374 <p>Paul Anton Esterhazy was a prominent figure of the Hungarian aristocracy and a leading AustroHungarian politician, as well as a highly qualified and internationally recognised diplomat, with an extensive network of personal relations within the British elite. Esterhazy was an ambassador of Austria to London from 1815 to 1842 and represented the interests of the Central European state. In the mid-1820s he was a member of the so-called “Cottage Coterie”, a group created by King George IV and inspired by the aim of counterbalancing the political influence of the new secretary of the Foreign Office, George Canning. The meetings of the group were political and social events as well. Esterhazy was connected with close (family and political) ties to George IV, and thus he was a well trusted person in the royal court. My paper focuses on the activity and role of Esterhazy within the Cottage Coterie.</p> Katalin Schrek Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 https://theatrum.upce.cz/index.php/theatrum/article/view/2374 Wed, 24 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0200